Centaurus A Arcs
Credits: X-ray; NASA/CXC/M. Karovska et al
Radio 21-cm image; NRAO/AUI/NSF/
J.Van Gorkom/Schminovich et al
Radio continuum image;
(NRAO/AUI/NSF/J.Condon et al
Optical; Digitized Sky Survey U.K.
"The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is a NASA-funded project
which maintains three bibliographic databases containing more than 5.9
million records: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Physics, and arXiv e-prints.
The main body of data in the ADS consists of bibliographic records, which
are searchable through our Abstract Service query forms, and full-text
scans of much of the astronomical literature which can be browsed though
our Browse interface. Integrated in its databases, the ADS provides access
and pointers to a wealth of external resources, including electronic articles,
data catalogs and archives. We currently have links to over 6.0 million
records maintained by our collaborators."
"The American Physical Society was founded on May 20,
1899, when 36 physicists gathered at Columbia University for
that purpose. They proclaimed the mission of the new Society
to be "to advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics",
and in one way or another the APS has been at that task ever since.
In the early years, virtually the sole activity of the APS was to
hold scientific meetings, initially four per year. In 1913, the APS
took over the operation of the Physical Review, which had been
founded in 1893 at Cornell, and journal publication became its
second major activity. The Physical Review was followed by Reviews
of Modern Physics in 1929, and by Physical Review Letters in 1958.
Over the years, Phys Rev has subdivided into five separate sections
as the fields of physics proliferated and the number of submissions
"The Center for Astrophysics combines the resources and
research facilities of the Harvard College Observatory and the
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under a single director to
pursue studies of those basic physical processes that determine
the nature and evolution of the universe. The Smithsonian
Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) is a bureau of the Smithsonian
Institution, founded in 1890. The Harvard College Observatory
(HCO), founded in 1839, is a research institution of the Faculty
of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, and provides facilities
and substantial other support for teaching activities of the
Department of Astronomy. The long relationship between the two
organizations, which began when the SAO moved its headquarters
to Cambridge in 1955, was formalized by the establishment of a
joint center in 1973.
Today, some 300 Smithsonian and Harvard scientists cooperate
in broad programs of astrophysical research supported by Federal
appropriations and University funds as well as contracts and grants
from government agencies. These scientific investigations, touching
on almost all major topics in astronomy, are organized into six
"The Energy Citations Database (ECD) provides free access to
over 2.3 million science research citations from 1948 through the present,
with continued growth through regular updates. There are over 150,000
electronic documents, primarily from 1994 forward, available via the
database. Citations and documents are made publicly available by the
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
ECD includes scientific and technical research results in
disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics,
materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics,
climatology, oceanography, computer science and related disciplines.
It includes bibliographic citations to report literature, conference
papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.
ECD was created and developed by DOEís Office of Scientific and
Technical Information with the science-attentive citizen in mind. It
contains energy and energy-related scientific and technical information
collected by the Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies,
the Energy Research & Development Administration (ERDA) and the Atomic
Energy Commission (AEC)."
"WMAP is a NASA Explorer mission measuring the temperature
of the cosmic background radiation over the full sky with unprecedented
accuracy. This map of the remnant heat from the Big Bang provides answers
to fundamental questions about the origin and fate of our universe."
"Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most powerful explosions
the Universe has seen since the Big Bang. They occur approximately
once per day and are brief, but intense, flashes of gamma radiation.
They come from all different directions of the sky and last from a
few milliseconds to a few hundred seconds. So far scientists do not
know what causes them. Do they signal the birth of a black hole in
a massive stellar explosion? Are they the product of the collision
of two neutron stars? Or is it some other exotic phenomenon that
causes these bursts?
With Swift, a NASA mission with international participation,
scientists will now have a tool dedicated to answering these
questions and solving the gamma-ray burst mystery. Its three
instruments will give scientists the ability to scrutinize
gamma-ray bursts like never before. Within seconds of detecting
a burst, Swift will relay a burst's location to ground stations,
allowing both ground-based and space-based telescopes around the
world the opportunity to observe the burst's afterglow. Swift is
part of NASA's medium explorer (MIDEX) program and was launched
into a low-Earth orbit on a Delta 7320 rocket on November 20,
"The Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF) supports
Australia's research in radio astronomy. It is administered by the
CSIRO, Australia's national scientific research organisation and is
funded by the Australian Government. The ATNF operates the Australia
Telescope which consists of the Compact Array at Narrabri and the
Parkes and Mopra radio telescopes. These telescopes can be used
together as a long baseline array for use in Very Long Baseline
"Since 1977, 1,681 015 690 bytes have been placed
on-line on grazian-archive.com and grazian-archive.net
(mirror). When fully published, an estimated 3,000 000,000 bytes
will be here on the Web, organised into 112 volumes, totaling
about 12 million words. 2% of the total consist of artwork,
letters, and several articles & books of collaborations. The materials are
uncensored and complete, even where they are not considered by the author or
his readers to be praisworthy; the ideal archive should reveal its subject and
author to be true to himself and others, he must be fully visible and recorded
authentically and critically. A score of sensitive pages, none of unlawful
actions, will be withheld to be published post-mortem"
" 1. The electron equation and electromagnetism
-- A new unifying electromagnetic theory. Published in
Integração:III(11)286-304, 1997 (nov).
Abstract: The special article in this month's Integração
contains the main topics — properly revised — of a theory
published in 1993 in Portuguese. It is a classic theory referring to
electromagnetism, and intending to rescue most of the wise knowledge
of physicists who lived in the 19th century and before; it only excludes
the concept of electric fluid, something modern Physics subtly insists
2. Electrons emitting electromagnetic information
(e.m.i.) -- New ideas are presented concerning the electromagnetic
radiation, all of them denying both undulant nature and a corpuscular one.
The author explains some aspects concerning the reaction of radiation and
the orbits allowed by Bohr; these are themes which modern physics still has
to explain in a proper way. He also suggests the existence of fields
permeated by real particles which are in contrast with the double nature of
the "electromagnetic wave".
3. Hidden variables and thermodynamics
-- A representational approach to entropy is presented, relating the
increase in the entropy of the universe to the production of entropins
(= neutrins?), and the stability of systems in thermodynamics equilibrium
to the elastic character of molecular collisions.
4. The Euclidian curved space and the Galilean relativity
-- Euclidean geometry admits of a curving in space if it has a physical
meaning, and not merely mathematical one.
5. Einstein Equivalence Principle is wrong?
-- Question presented for discussion in the Newsgroup
6. Einstein-Faraday's Elevator
-- Question presented for discussion in the Newsgroup
7. Link to Acoustimagnetoelectricism—
William J. Beaty. Authorized translation to Portuguese:
8. Other works in Portuguese
-- Outros artigos em português: "
"The Society for Scientific Exploration (SSE) is a multi-disciplinary
professional organization of scientists and other scholars committed to the
rigorous study of unusual and unexplained phenomena that cross traditional
scientific boundaries and may be ignored or inadequately studied within
The Society was founded in 1982 by fourteen scientists and scholars and
now has approximately 800 members in 45 countries worldwide. The SSE publishes
a peer reviewed journal, the Journal of Scientific Exploration (JSE) and holds
annual scientific meetings in the USA and periodic meetings in Europe. Society
members include scholars from a broad range of disciplines. Topics addressed
in its journal and in its regular meetings cover a wide spectrum, ranging from
real or apparent anomalies in well-established areas of science to paradoxical
phenomena that belong to no established discipline.
This unique multidisciplinary perspective provides challenging opportunities
for creative professional dialog and innovative research. In addition to the
Journal and the Annual Meetings, the SSE supports a Young Investigators Program.
This program is designed and implemented primarily by its participants, and its
purpose is to provide information and resources pertaining to the scholarly study
of anomalous phenomena and other frontier areas of science. An informal discussion
in which many members participate can be found in the SSE Yahoo Group."
"These sites were written with several goals in mind.
First, they try to provide non-scientists with clear explanations
and explicit answers about physics and astronomy, in particular in those
areas that concern space, which has been my own field of work. Many web
pages exist about such subjects, but they often leave the reader no wiser,
and at times, more confused. Here you may find straight answers, and the
material is self-contained, you need no prior knowledge.
Second, I have tried to include interesting stories and connections,
many from the history of science and of technology. Science has always
been closely linked to culture and society, and the historical thread
provides both continuity and human interest. For non-scientists,
especially ones interested in space and its exploration, this opens a
window to a rich subculture of which society is barely aware.
And for students who might be getting their first look at science,
as well as for their teachers, this may provide fresh material on physics,
astronomy and earth sciences, with new content and added interest. Most of
it is written at the high school level, though parts can be taught in middle
school and others would fit undergraduate college. It is an open ended
resource with extensions, links and references for the few who wish to
explore at a higher level.
I am a physicist, at the end of a long career in space research, yet
familiar with the history of science and with many of the links between
science, technology, culture and society (personal details at Education/wstern.html).
I am well aware that most recent graduates from high school lack both the
understanding of science and an interest in it. Reasons vary--e.g. rigid
and formal curricula, lack of trained teachers, too much memorization, too
little new material--but whatever they might be, it seems high time to seek
a more fruitful approach."
The site of Dr. Oliver K. Manuel, Professor of Nuclear
Chemistry, University of Missouri-Rolla. The following are excerpts from
Professor Manuel's resumé.
"Author of more than 100 scientific papers, including book reviews,
chapters in books, and research papers published in peer-reviewed literature
and presented at science conferences in the United States, Canada, Czechoslovakia,
Finland, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, the
USSR and Wales.
The use of high-sensitivity mass spectrometry to study the origin of the
solar system; the distribution of isotopes in meteorites, planets, the moon
and the sun; rare nuclear processes, including double-beta decay; the terrestrial
distribution of long-lived fission products and chalcogen elements.
Supervised research for 25 M.S. and Ph.D. candidates and numerous
under≠graduates. Research supported by the Atom≠ic Energy Commission,
Department of Energy, The Foundation for Chemical Research, NASA, and
"Dr. Manuel has published more than 100 papers, including
several book chapters, presented over 100 papers at scientific meetings,
including international conferences in Canada, Czechoslovakia, France,
Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, the U.S.A., the
U.S.S.R., and Wales, organized an ACS symposium with the late Professor
Glenn T. Seaborg, and edited the proceedings, "Origin of Elements
in the Solar System: Implications of Post-1957 Observations".
He uses isotope mass spectrometric to study:
the origin of meteorites, planets, and their elements
the origin and early history of the Earth
the Sunís origin, composition, and source of energy
double beta-decay and basic conservation laws.
He also studies other rare modes of nuclear decay, nuclear systematics,
and the geochemistry of tellurium, iodine, and the long-lived fission
He was trained by Professors Paul Kazuo Kuroda of the Universities
of Arkansas and Tokyo and John H. Reynolds of the University of
California-Berkeley. He supervised research projects of more than 30
students, including over 20 graduate students.
NSF, AEC, ERDA and DOE supported his research. NASAís funds and a
brief period of access to lunar samples made possible the two 1972
"This is a formal manuscript of the solid surface model that
has been offered for web peer review. It includes a more formal
presentation of this material. A larger file in Microsoft Word is
The sun is the "Rosetta Stone" of astronomy. Observing,
understanding and explaining the inner workings of our own sun is the
key to unraveling the mysteries of the physical and quantum universe
that surrounds us. The only way to know if we have properly deciphered
the stone and confirm that we have discovered the correct model is to
use this model to explain the observed behaviors of the sun. For four
centuries Galileo's antiquated gas model of the sun has utterly failed
to unlock the inner workings of our own sun and provide the answers to
solving these mysteries. On the other hand, the model that Dr. Kristian
Birkeland experimented with in the early 1900's may indeed unlock the
secrets of the universe."
"The Quantum AetherDynamics Institute was established in 2003
as a non-profit research organization to promote a testable, common-sense
Theory of Everything. Already, from first principles, the Aether Physics
Model provides a new foundation for physics, accurately predicts the
relative strengths of the forces, and the 1s ďorbitalĒ electron binding
energy for all the elements. For more, see: AZoM (advanced materials resource)
coverage of electron binding energies discovery, United Press International,
Inc., the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Forbes, the
Gilberts Journal, and Guidestar.
We show that the fundamental constants in physics, such as the
fine-structure, the masses of the electron and proton, and gravitation
are not just random values, but have an exact value based upon a quantum-scale,
dynamic Aether (the Aether unit has a precise value equal to Coulomb's constant
times 16pi2). The Aether Physics Model is stunning in that it mathematically
predicts and explains the measured values of physics with striking precision.
"Recapitulating: we may say that according to the general theory of
relativity space is endowed with physical qualities; in this sense, therefore,
there exists ether." Albert Einstein, Ether and the Theory of Relativity,
"The Einstein Archives Online Website provides the first
online access to Albert Einsteinís scientific and non-scientific
manuscripts held by the Albert Einstein Archives
at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and to an
extensive Archival Database, constituting the material record of
one of the most influential intellects in the modern era."
"Sky Fire Productions, Inc. (a division of FMA, Inc) was
created on the principle that working scientists should play an
increasing role in local and national science education, both
through the formal and especially informal education mechanisms.
The principals are active researchers and science educators. Our
plan is to develop both our own series of formal/informal science
education products, primarily DVDs and web sites, as well as to
facilitate those involved with bringing the excitement and findings
of science to a broader audience. We hope to educate by producing
engaging and entertaining fare for the public. You may know us from
our planetarium production, "The Hundred Year Hunt for the Red
Sprite." But we have also embarked on producing a series of
weather-related "edutainment" DVDs. Our footage has also
appeared on air at ABCís Nightline, the Discovery Channel, the
National Geographic Channel, BBC4 and German Public Television,
to drop a few names.
Sky Fire Productions is a small but specialized facility. We have
been working with digital non-linear editing systems and time lapse
photography for almost a decade. Several of our commercial web sites
have been on line for 10 years (forever, in Internet years). We
specialize in environmental and weather-related videography and
program production. Our editing suite includes mutliple MAC Final Cut
Pro HD-based digital non-linear editing suites. If your project involves
scientific and technical topics, especially if itís weather-related, we
speak your language. We can provide a good solid product at a reasonable
cost. We donít do the fancy Hollywood and network stuff, but if technical
or educational communication is what you need, we can help."
"Red sprites and blue jets are upper atmospheric optical phenomena
associated with thunderstorms that have only recently been documented using
low light level television technology.
The first images of a sprite were accidently obtained in 1989 (Franz et
al., 1990). Beginning in 1990, about twenty images have been obtained from
the space shuttle (Vaughan et al., 1992; Boeck et al., 1994).
Since then, video sequences of well over a thousand sprites have been
captured. These include measurements from the ground ( Lyons, 1994;
Winckler, 1995) and from aircraft (Sentman and Wescott, 1993; Sentman
et al., 1995).
Numerous images have also been obtained from aircraft of blue jets
( Wescott et al., 1995), also a previously unrecorded form of optical
activity above thunderstorms. Blue jets appear to emerge directly from
the tops of clouds and shoot upward in narrow cones through the stratosphere.
Their upward speed has been measured to be about 100 km per second.
Anecdotal reports of "rocket-like" and other optical emissions
above thunderstorms go back more than a century (Lyons, 1994), and there
have been several pilot reports of similar phenomena (Vaughan and Vonnegut,
1989). Possibly associated gamma ray bursts and TIPPS have also recently
reported. Together, these phenomena suggest that thunderstorms exert a much
greater influence on the middle and upper atmospheres than was previously
"For Peer-reviewers and about the peer-review process.
This blog is for peer-reviewers and about peer review. Here we
provide information and news about the peer-review process at Nature
Publishing Group journals. We also debate the general topic of
peer-review, and warmly welcome your feedback and comments. We answer
questions about peer review; give guidance about how to peer-review
for our journals; and provide a discussion forum for policy and other
matters concerning peer-review. This blog also contains the Nature
peer review debate which took place during 2006."
"The Alpha Institute for Advanced Study (AIAS) is an international
think tank comprising physicists, engineers and scientists of various
disciplines from all over the world who communicate via the Internet.
Most members have never met each other face to face. This would make the
AIAS an invisible college. The current aim of the AIAS is the development
of Einstein-Cartan-Evans field theory which is a generally covariant unified
field theory (GCUFT). Such a theory describes all of physics in a purely
geometrical fashion. In ECE, gravity is the curvature- and electromagnetism
is the torsion of spacetime. The AIAS is led by Welsh chemist, Myron Evans.
The staff members are all unpaid volunteers and the organisation itself is
a non-profit entity (it is officially registered in Idaho, USA)."
"The Telesio - Galilei Academy is a scientific association dedicated,
as its aims make clear, to promoting openness in all branches of scientific
endeavour. It would hope to help in the dissemination of views of all kinds
through the scientific community. It is not interested in simply supporting
a view because it is popularly held to be true. As is often quoted on the
Hunger Site: 'A child can ask a question a wise man cannot answer.'
We at Telesio - Galilei try to remember this and keep ourselves completely
open minded when seeking solutions to the various problems facing science.
"Historically, there were few scientific breakthroughs that
were not violently opposed, condemned and strongly resisted. Every
scientist knows this, Thomas Kuhn has written a book about it that
is considered a classic, and yet the pattern keeps repeating itself.
Many mainstream scientists these days believe that science has
essentially reached 'the end of the road', that everything that
can be understood has been understood, and that therefore claims
to genuinely revolutionary discoveries must necessarily be erroneous
Establishment science has thus gotten into the habit of ignoring,
burying or suppressing what has now become astonishing amounts of
anomalous evidence. Some of this evidence challenges the very
foundations of the accepted scientific worldview, and none of it
is taught in universities or covered by textbooks. Mention any of
it to a mainstream scientist, and odds are you will be dismissed
as a crank, or worse, a crackpot. The conclusion is sobering: some
of what passes for "scientific fact" these days is little more than
a social construct. What is true and what is not is determined by
the scientific prestige of the claimant, the predilections of journal
editors and referees, and by economic interests. A scientist who
challenges the status quo becomes a persona non grata - banned from
publication in journals and speaking on conferences, defunded,
marginalized. The victims of this phenomenon include world-class
scientists such as Jacques Benveniste, Peter Duesberg, Halton Arp,
Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischman.
This site is intended to serve a threefold purpose- to educate the
public on the widespread phenomenon of suppression, censorship and
unscientific dogmatism in modern science, to expose the methods and
tactics of those behind it, especially the organized "skeptics",
and to promote a healthy skepticism towards the alleged certainties
provided by modern science."
"Although we publish any serious work in science including those that
are not accepted by the mainstream, we do have guidelines for content
acceptance. Database founders David de Hilster and Greg Volk present
their guidelines for inclusion in World Science Datebase.
What is acceptable:
Serious scientific work that are not accepted by mainstream publications.
All topics of scientific interest, including those related to scientific ethics.
All work that demonstrate a serious scientific rigor and effort.
Work that espouses a particular worldview provided that their primary focus is with questions of science.
Authors can declare their beliefs in their profile as points of biographical interest, but not as a sounding board for controversial doctrines not based on science.
What is not acceptable:
Work that do not follow a serious scientific methodology.
Work that are more speculation than science.
Work whose primary intent is to make statements related to politics, religion, or other controversial issues."
"The Natural Philosophy Alliance, quite unlike establishment
physics, does not impose any particular ideas on its members, whose
ideas are so diverse that generalization about them is very difficult.
Aside from virtually unanimous agreement that contemporary cosmology
and physics--especially modern or 20th-century physics--are in dire
need of a thorough overhaul, and that a much more tolerant spirit
than has recently been shown in these fields must be practiced in
order to achieve the needed changes, not very much comes close to
achieving unanimous approval among NPA members.
Carina nebula 50 light years wide view
Credit for Hubble Image: NASA, ESA, N. Smith
(University of California, Berkeley), and
The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)
CTIO Image: N. Smith
(University of California, Berkeley)