"Space Weather studies the environmental dynamics of
"geospace": the active (and sometimes stormy) region
above the Earth's lower atmosphere including the ionosphere (which
often reflects AM radio waves back to Earth) and the magnetosphere
(home of the Van Allen radiation belts and the environment of many
spacecraft -- including the numerous geosynchronous satellites used
for communications and other applications.) The following list gives
active links to information about space weather and associated fields
of scientific research."
Space Weather Resources
I have found the Rice University Space Weather Resources page to be one
of the most comprehensive of its type on the web. If you need to learn
about space weather from the ground up (no pun intended), this is a great
place to start.
"The Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) is one of the
nine National Centers for Environmental Prediction and provides
real-time monitoring and forecasting of solar and geophysical events,
conducts research in solar-terrestrial physics, and develops
techniques for forecasting solar and geophysical disturbances.
The SWPC Forecast Center is jointly operated by NOAA and the U.S.
Air Force and is the national and world warning center for disturbances
that can affect people and equipment working in the space environment.
SWPC works with many national and international partners who
contribute data and observations; we also share our data and products
with them. We are pleased to support efforts worldwide to inform users
of space weather."
"IPS acts as the Australian Space Weather Agency, providing
the Australian national radio propagation and space weather services.
Systems and technologies affected by space weather, and supported by
HF radio systems, such as communications and surveillance systems;
Geophysical exploration, power systems protection and the cathodic
protection of long-distance pipelines;
Satellite and spacecraft operations
Support is also provided for international and domestic research
into the space environment. IPS operates an extensive network of
monitoring stations and observatories within the Australasian region
and in Antarctica to gather information on the space environment in
support of our customers' operations. IPS also exchanges this information
with similar organisations world-wide.
IPS is an acronym for Ionospheric Prediction Service, which was our original name."
"This page provides explanatory text for the dials shown on
the Rice Current Solar Wind Conditions and Current Solar Wind Conditions
(Dials Only) webpage. These dials use the last good received set of
measurements from the Real Time Solar Wind package on the Advanced
Composition Explorer (ACE) spacecraft. These data are relayed through
the Space Environment Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA), United States Department of Commerce. The ACE
spacecraft is stationed near the Earth-Sun First Lagrange Point (L1),
so it can stay constantly between the Earth and the Sun without using
too much fuel. This L1 point is about 45 minutes upwind of the Earth
in normal solar wind conditions."
"News and Information about the Sun-Earth environment."
SpaceWeather.com is a space weather news service penned daily by Dr.
Tony Phillips, and includes current space weather conditions, current
auroral oval, coronal holes, news articles, NOAA forecasts and more.
A good place for the newcomer to learn what's what without a lot of
"On numerous occasions during an eight year period of
observation of the celestial neighborhood of the earth, from
1998 to 2006, while its neighbors (Mars, Venus and the moon)
passed in proximity during their orbits they also came into
close alignment at varying angles to the outbound solar flow
and the heliospheric current system. At the time of these
passages severe terrestrial weather events occurred. These
observations exposed a puzzle that may point to potential
influence to terrestrial weather from orbital relationship.
This possibility deserves close evaluation and thoughtful
consideration from the space-plasma perspective."
Nebula surrounding the Wolf-Rayet star WR124
Credit: Yves Grosdidier
(University of Montreal and Observatoire de Strasbourg),
Anthony Moffat (Universitie de Montreal),
Gilles Joncas (Universite Laval),
Agnes Acker (Observatoire de Strasbourg),